Details About Supreme Court of India.
Supreme Court of India – Indian Polity Notes
The Supreme Court of India is the u . S .’s highest judicial court. It is the final court of enchantment inside the united states of america. It is subsequently, an exceedingly vital subject matter in the UPSC examination polity and governance sections. In this article, you can study all about the Supreme Court of India for the IAS exam.
Latest Updates associated with the Indian Supreme Court:
On November nine, 2022, Justice D.Y. Chandrachud will take oath because the fiftieth Chief Justice of India.
15th February 2021: Former Supreme Court Judge, Justice PB Sawant Passed Away on this day.
The Supreme Court is inspecting a petition referring to the Social Media Firm Facebook and its Messaging Application WhatsApp over their terms of provider and privacy coverage that were to be out on February eighth, 2021.
Thirteenth February 2021: Statement from Supreme Court whilst dismissing a evaluate petition at the anti-citizenship regulation protests held in Delhi’s Shaheen Bagh in 2019 – “Right To Protest Cannot Be Anytime, Everywhere.”
Learn about foremost 25 Important Supreme Court Judgements for UPSC and associated notes inside the connected article.
Supreme Court History
The Federal Court of India changed into created as in step with the Government of India Act 1935.
This court docket settled disputes among provinces and federal states and heard appeals against decisions of the high courts.
After independence, the Federal Court and the Judicial Committee of the Privy Council had been changed by way of the Supreme Court of India, which got here into being in January 1950.
The Constitution of 1950 envisaged a Supreme Court with one Chief Justice and 7 puisne Judges.
The number of SC judges become improved via the Parliament and presently, there are 34 judges including the Chief Justice of India (CJI).
Supreme Court of India – Functions
It takes up appeals in opposition to the verdicts of the High Courts, other courts and tribunals.
It settles disputes between numerous authorities government, between country governments, and among the centre and any state authorities.
It also hears topics which the President refers to it, in its advisory position.
The SC also can absorb cases suo moto (on its personal).
The regulation that SC announces is binding on all of the courts in India and at the Union as well as the country governments.
Supreme Court Jurisdiction
The jurisdiction of the SC is of three sorts:
Original – Read in detail approximately Original Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court in the related article.
Advisory – Notes on Advisory Jurisdiction of the Supreme Court are given in the related article.
Supreme Court Composition
Including the CJI, there are 34 judges within the Supreme Court.
The judges sit down in benches of two or three (known as a Division Bench) or in benches of 5 or more (called a Constitutional Bench) whilst there are subjects of essential questions of the regulation is to be decided.
Read approximately Indian Judiciary in detail in the related article.
The Procedure of the Supreme Court of India
The Supreme Court of India has powers to seek advice from the President to modify the exercise and process of the Court.
The Constitutional Cases are usually decided by a bench along with five judges while different cases are determined by means of a bench of at the least three judges.
The seat of Supreme Court
As in step with the Constitution of India, Delhi is asserted because the seat of the Supreme Court of India. However, the Chief Justice of India has the strength to assign any other location (s) because the seat of the Supreme Court. This is best an optionally available provision and now not obligatory.
SC Judge Eligibility
As in keeping with Article 124, an Indian citizen who is underneath 65 years of age is eligible to be endorsed for appointment as a choose of the SC if:
he/she has been a choose of one or extra High Courts, for at the least five years, or
he/she has been an suggest in a single or more High Courts for at least 10 years, or
he/she is within the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist.
Independence of Judiciary
The Constitution has many provisions to make certain the judiciary’s independence. They are mentioned beneath:
Security of tenure: The judges of the SC are given safety of tenure. Once appointed, they may hold their office until the age of 65 years. They can be removed simplest through a presidential order on grounds of demonstrated misbehaviour and/or disability. This requires a Special Majority according to Article 368. Read greater about the forms of majorities in Parliament within the connected article.
Salaries and allowances: The judges of the SC enjoy properly salaries and allowances and these can not be decreased except inside the case of a monetary emergency. The fees of the High Court are charged on the Consolidated Fund of the State, which isn’t problem to vote within the kingdom legislature.
Powers and Jurisdiction: The SC’s powers and jurisdiction can best be added by means of the Parliament and no longer be curtailed.
The behavior of any judge of the Supreme Court in the discharge of his/her responsibilities can not be mentioned in the legislature.
The SC has the energy to punish any person for its contempt, as according to Article 129. (Read approximately Contempt of Court in India in the connected article.)
Separation of the Judiciary from the Executive: A Directive Principle of State Policy says that the state shall take steps to split the judiciary from the executive within the public offerings of the country. According to Article 50, there shall be a separate judicial service loose from govt control.
Supreme Court of India – Indian Polity:-
UPSC Questions related to Supreme Court of India
Who is presently the Chief Justice of India (2022)?
The current Chief Justice of India is Justice Uday Umesh Lalit. He will demit workplace on achieving the age of sixty five. Justice Chandrachud will take oath as the 50th Chief Justice of India on November nine, 2022.
How many best courts are there in India?
There is simplest 1 Supreme Court in India. And, there are 25 High Courts.
What are the powers and capabilities of the Supreme Court of India?
SC is the highest judicial courtroom in India. It upholds the rule of thumb of law and additionally ensures and protects residents’ rights and liberties as given in the Constitution. Therefore, the Supreme Court is likewise referred to as the Guardian of the Constitution.
How many judges are there in the Supreme Court?
At gift, there are 34 judges in the SC along with the CJI.
Can the President of India overturn a Supreme Court ruling?
Technically, the President can’t override a SC ruling. Only the Parliament can amend any regulation to overturn the selection of the SC. The President has the pardoning power, which he can workout on the advice of the Council of Ministers. Even right here, the President does not overrule the Supreme Court’s decision. The judgement of the Court stays, simplest, the President can “pardon” the punishment.